Rabu, 15 Februari 2012

SULAWESI & TORAJA

 SULAWESI

Sulawesi/Celebes Island Known as The Greatest Sailor Land.They are Bugis Sailors.They sailed across Asia and Africa.From Madagascar to Australia and From Sulawesi to Okinawa.Enjoy Sulawesi (^_^)
 

Nieuws uit Indonesië - de conferentie van Malino (1946)



Van 16 tot 25 juli wordt in het bergplaatsje Malino op Celebes een conferentie gehouden tussen Nederland en alle delen van Indonesië (behalve de Republiek van Soekarno, Java en Sumatra) over de toekomst van Indonesië.

Camel Trophy Sulawesi `88 

MANADO




Kompilasi foto foto tempo dulu manado mulai dari tahun 1875 sampai 1980 video ini sebelumnya sudah di upload tapi karena terlalu singkat dan kurang jelas tulisannya jadi dibuat lagi dengan durasi lebih lama,Enjoy it.




Tomohon Tempo Doeloe 

 

Tondano Tempo Doeloe

Minahasa Tempo Dulu


Amurang ,Langowan,Sonder Airmadidi dan Bitung

Gorontalo Tempo Doeloe 1927 

MAKASSAR

The War in Sulewesi 1946

The main part of the war of independence was fought in Java, and Sumatra, but several incidents on the island of Sulewesi, showed that this conflict was widespread across all of Indonesia.

War and conflict can bring both the best and the worse out in people, and often the further away from the more reported areas of this battle for Independence, are the most remembered for any abuse of power.

This occurred in Sulewesi, when the Netherlands Indies army was instructed to clear areas of suspected independence fighters. The result was a brutal crackdown on the local population, and this eventually made the pages of the International press.

The notorious anti-republican mopping up operations on this island, were condemned internationally and eroded liberal support internally inside the Netherlands, whilst strengthening Indonesian belief that any permanent return of the colonial government would become intolerable.

 

Indonesia,Makasar, Sulewesi, January 1946- British and Allied Troop Patrols

The strategic port city of Makasar on the Indonesian island of Sulewesi was eventually taken over by allied troops, who were instructed to stop of the flow of weapons to Indonesian independence fighters.

In this rare footage, soldiers guard a railway line close to the port, and search local travelers, & transport. Once the Dutch colonial government was re-established, these allied soldiers would be replaced by Dutch troops, who ended up fighting a losing battle against local independence fighters.

 

  TORAJA


Tana Toraja Tomate 1998

Death Ceremony

Tana Toraja: Land of Heavenly Kings 


Safely protected beyond the lofty mountains and rugged granite cliffs of the central highlands of the island of Sulawesi, are the Toraja people who live in valleys that are lush with green rice terraces and fertile coffee plantations.

"Discovered" and opened to the world from their long isolation only since the beginning of the last century, the Toraja today still adhere to their age-old beliefs, rituals and traditions, although many of her people are modernized or have embraced Christianity.

When one travels to the Tana Toraja highlands, therefore, expect to be awed by the spectacular beauty of nature, at the same time experience how communities have through the ages sustained their beliefs and traditions in splendid isolation in order to survive this eternal cycle of life and death on earth

bodies are still intact after 30 years buried( mumi dari toraja )



This video was taken in a custom event called "ma'nenek", which is cleanse the grave, held once every 1 year.
North Toraja (poka Pangala ')
(video ini diambil dalam satu acara adat yang dinamakan " ma'nenek ", yaitu membersihkan kuburan yang diadakan setiap 1 tahun sekali.
Toraja Utara (poka Pangala' )

Dead Ceremony in Toraja ( Buakayu )

Its called Ma'badong, a Ritual Dance of torajans people in dead ceremony event to bring the dead into the spirit world called Buya..

Toraja rituals, Sulawesi 

 Toraja rituelen. Toraja rituals, Sulawesi, Indonesia
The most spectacular of Torajan rituals are the funerals. For Torajan, a funeral is the single most important ceremony in the life cycle. It is based on a strong belief that the soul of the deceased travels to the land of the south and in this land of eternity, he will need all the requisites of everyday life in the hereafter just like when he was alive in this world. Funeral ceremonies are festival lasting as long as ten days with much feasting and entertainment. Animal sacrifices are made to ensure eternal life in the afterlife and to safeguard the descendants.

A funeral is a festive event for every member of the society. When the funeral is held by noble families then the ceremony will usually involve great fanfare. Buffaloes and pigs are sacrificed as an indication of status and as repayment for gifts received. This ceremony may take days, weeks or months after the actual death and the decreased is referred to as a sick man until he is buried.

Various types of graves are located in Cliffside caves, mountain ledges or in special houses reserved for the dead. The graves in Tana Toraja are made in huge rocks because of their strength and relative safety from animals and thieves. There are many of these graves in the different mountains. And some are well guarded by life-size wooden statues of the persons buried.

Toraja Graves - Kuburan di Toraja - (Lokomata - Lemo - Kambira - Londa) - Toraja Tourism




Skulls in a sepulchre


Kete Kesu & The Last Hanging Graves Sulawesi, Indonesia


Ketu Kesu is one the oldest villages in Toraja Land, Suaya is the oldest. Some time spent here and then on to the last hanging grave site for this trip.

Torajan life revolves around each person's eventual death. Saving money for sacrifices, carving caskets that are never reused and cutting into cliff walls for entombment. After all, we all are going to die eventually and there's nothing we can do about it. Might as well prepare....

 



Toraja Indonesia 「死ぬために生きる人々」トラジャの葬儀3 石川梵

The Toraja are an ethnic group indigenous to a mountainous region of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Their population is approximately 650,000, of which 450,000 still live in the regency of Tana Toraja ("Land of Toraja").[1] Most of the population is Christian, and others are Muslim or have local animist beliefs known as aluk ("the way"). The Indonesian government has recognized this animist belief as Aluk To Dolo ("Way of the Ancestors").

The word toraja comes from the Bugis language's to riaja, meaning "people of the uplands". The Dutch colonial government named the people Toraja in 1909.[3] Torajans are renowned for their elaborate funeral rites, burial sites carved into rocky cliffs, massive peaked-roof traditional houses known as tongkonan, and colorful wood carvings. Toraja funeral rites are important social events, usually attended by hundreds of people and lasting for several days.

Before the 20th century, Torajans lived in autonomous villages, where they practised animism and were relatively untouched by the outside world. In the early 1900s, Dutch missionaries first worked to convert Torajan highlanders to Christianity. When the Tana Toraja regency was further opened to the outside world in the 1970s, it became an icon of tourism in Indonesia: it was exploited by tourism developers and studied by anthropologists.[4] By the 1990s, when tourism peaked, Toraja society had changed significantly, from an agrarian model — in which social life and customs were outgrowths of the Aluk To Dolo—to a largely Christian society.[5]





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