Kamis, 23 Februari 2012

BATAVIA JAKARTA

The Imperialism Of Indonesia

 

Dutch Imperialism in Indonesia PSA 

 

1619-1949 Batavia, the Dutch colony in Jakarta Indonesia 

Batavia was the spider in the colonial web of the Dutch Indies in the colonial era.

Batavia Shipwreck Historical Novel Extract - Zevanck Battles the Defenders


 In 1629, the Dutch merchant ship Batavia was wrecked in the Houtman's Abrolhos, a desert chain of islands off the coast of Western Australia. Its commander, the upper-merchant Francisco Pelsaert, undertook a harrowing voyage in the ship's longboat to get help from the Dutch on Java. Meanwhile, his second-in-command, the under-merchant Jeronimus Corneliszoon, used his charisma, cruel personality and mutinous followers to set up a brutal, personal rule over the other survivors who were awaiting Pelsaert's return.

A small group of soldiers, led by a man named Wiebbe Hayes, rebelled against Corneliszoon's tyranny, building a fort on a nearby island and harboring fugitives from the under-merchant's camp. Eventually, Corneliszoon sent his lieutenant, David Zevanck, to try and wipe them out. This extract describes the second of two battles between Zevanck and the Defenders.

I originally wrote this novel as part of a school project (the IB Personal Project), and am now working on the second draft (hoping to get it published some day - with a bit of luck!).

All music used in the background is by the film music composer Hans Zimmer (whose music I am addicted to). The name of the song is always given at the bottom of the picture. Sorry if the sudden increase in volume at the end surprises/deafens you.

P.S. I swear to you, this story is 100% based on historical fact. All I have done is dramatized the events, so to speak, creating personalities and interactions for the characters. The entire storyline, practically, is taken from the pages of history.

P.P.S. This is from the first draft, by no means perfect. BUT feedback is very much appreciated so that I can improve!

P.P.P.S. If my voice annoys you - sorry. But I can't change anything about that :(


1652 Van Riebeeck


1652 - Jan van Riebeeck stig 'n verversingspos aan die Kaap

Johan Anthoniszoon "Jan" van Riebeeck (21 April 1619--18 January 1677), was a Dutch colonial administrator and founder of Cape Town. He was born in Culemborg in the Netherlands as the son of a surgeon. He grew up in Schiedam, where he married Maria Cotze on 28 March 1649. (She died in Malacca, now part of Malaysia, on 2 November 1664, at the age of 35). The couple had eight sons, one of whom, Abraham van Riebeeck, would become a Governor-General of Dutch East Indies.

Joining the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1639, he served in a number of posts, including that of an assistant surgeon in the Batavia in the East Indies. He subsequently visited Japan. His most important position was that of head of the VOC trading post in Tonkin, Vietnam. However, he was called back from this post as it was discovered that he was conducting trade for his own account.

In 1651 he was requested to undertake the command of the initial Dutch settlement in the future South Africa. He landed three ships Drommedaris, Reijger and Goede Hoop at the future Cape Town on 6 April 1652 and fortified the site as a way-station for the VOC trade route between the Netherlands and the East Indies.

Van Riebeeck was Commander of the Cape from 1652 to 1662; he was charged with building a fort, with improving the natural anchorage at Table Bay, planting fruit and vegetables and obtaining livestock from the indigenous Khoi people. In the Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens in Cape Town there is a wild almond hedge still surviving that was planted on his orders as a barrier. The initial fort was made of mud, clay and timber, and had four corners or bastions. This first fort should not be confused with the present-day Cape Town Castle. The Castle, built between 1666 and 1679, several years after Van Riebeeck's departure, has five bastions and is made of brick, stone and cement.




images of batavia city about 1860s till 1970s



1870 Jakarta, on the island of Java, is the capital city of Indonesia. During the Dutch colonial era, it was called Batavia.


Jan Ott (1903-1965)

 A short video i.m.o. Jan Ott, born 4 may 1903, Venhuizen, son of Alewijn Ott and Lijsbeth Kos.
With foto's of his youth, militairy service with the Navy, his wife Erna Stuur, (born 1908, Soerabaja), post war-time and their grave in Enkhuizen
... and scans from his logbook with drawings, made in concentration camps during the war.

The original document was donated to the 'Nederlands Instituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie - Indische Afdeling' (doc.nr. 2325).

Audio: Galactic Meditation and Arcturian Folk Songs by spectral monkey Valum Votan



BATAVIA 1910-1915

Indisch Filmarchief

Batavia, Jakarta, Indonesia, 1908- Tempo Doeloe in Film 

 A very rare short video showing the port of Tanjung Priok, which was at the time the main International passenger terminal for Indonesia.

This film also shows a cafe and a brief glimpse into the streets of old Batavia


 BATAVIA TAHUN 1919


Jakata, Indonesia, 1924- Trains on Java- 

The 1920s were still considered the Golden age of the train, especially when the majority of people in Indonesia had few transport options, except a bicycle.

The spawning rail network was mainly on the island of Java, and powered by locomotives across this huge island.

Visit an Indonesian railway station in the 1920's and enjoy the journey.


Keroncong Tugu - Moresco to Cafrinho 1925

theme song Oud Batavia, Betawi tempo dulu.


PHOHI &Kamp;  NIROM

Philips Omroep Holland Indië (PHOHI) zond vanaf 1928 tot 1936 uit vanuit Huizen naar Nederlands-Indië.

De Nederlandsch-Indische Radio Omroep Maatschappij (NIROM) zond uit van september 1934 tot 8 maart 1942.

Philips Omroep Holland Indië (PHOHI) transmitted from 1928 until 1936 from the village of Huizen to the Dutch East Indies.

The Nederlandsch-Indische Radio Omroep Maatschappij (NIROM) transmitted from september 1934 until march 8 1942.


BATAVIA JAKARTA 1929
This filmed when Jakara still named as Batavia, under the dutch colonial.
silent movie text in dutch.
Nice film from 1929 showing the old Batavia of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and the modern Batavia, capital of the Netherlands Indies (now Jakarta).


Jakarta, Batavia, Indonesia-1930s - Architecture of Old Kota

Take a journey through the original city of Batavia, with a view of the distinct architecture of this historic district of Jakarta.

This video was taken in 1937, and shows some of the historic buildings which are one of the few remaining legacies left by colonialism.

Jakarta circa 1930-1940


Indonesia- The Old City of Batavia 1938-


Take a quick glimpse into the distant past at the city of Batavia, seven years before Indonesia became independent from the Netherlands. Most of this film was taken in the old city or "Kota Tua,"which now is one of the oldest parts of greater Jakarta.

Colonial Dutch Army In Batavia 1939 (color)

Original title : Coveted East Indies. Colonial Dutch Indies in the year of 1938-1939, the year when World War II broke. The videos shows the parade of force from Colonial Dutch Army in Batavia, their drills and training (located in the soccer field), and also the last Dutch Governor General in Indonesia, Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer.
Other things that you can see in the video :
- Stadswacht Batavia
- KNIL (Koninklijke Netherlands Indische Leger)
- Armored troops
- Fighter Aircrafts
- Dutch Colonial Navy
- Sea mines
- Sea artillery 

BATAVIA 1939   Coveted East Indies

Original Title: Coveted East Indies
Director: Deane Dickason
Editor: Falkonungu (2007)
Production date: ca. 1938-39

Interesting color portrait of BATAVIA in the East Indies during Dutch colonialism.

PA8530 Coveted East Indies, The 16mm Koda travelogue, 2 reels, ca. 1938-39

This item is part of the collection: Prelinger Archives



Jakarta (Batavia), Indonesia, 1941- Canals and Rivers of DJakarta


When the city of Batavia (Jakarta) was built, it was designed around a system of canals, similar to Amsterdam. This system in 1941, was used by the local people to bathe and wash clothes, as many houses outside the center had no running water.

These canals in 1941 became a symbol of the last few months of the Netherlands Indies, where close to the colonies commercial center, the local population lived in extreme poverty.

Today, these very same canals meander through most of greater Jakarta, and are one of the many legacies left by colonialism.


Batavia (Jakarta),Indonesia 1941- Canal Boats and Harbours


The Sea has always been an important part of both Dutch, and Indonesian folklore,and the colonial part of old Batavia, was designed around the harbors that brought in supplies from outside the city, and canals that allowed boats to deliver goods or transport passengers.

The footage in this video shows the last few weeks of the East Indies, before the Japanese invasion, and the independence war. It gives a rare glimpse into how both the sea, and the canals were an important lifeline of the old city.

Today, these canals and harbors still exist, and the most famous old port of Batavia- Sunda Kelapa- still has sailing boats from the island of Makassar, which still ply a centuries old sea route, with identical sailing ships from the past.


Jakarta, Indonesia- The City of Batavia, 1941

The images in this video were probably filmed during the last few months of peace for the Netherlands Indies, and shows an eerie normality, despite the fact the Japanese army were soon to invade.

This rare film shows Batavia, (Jakarta), before the initial end of the Netherlands Indies, and the start of eight years of conflict, resulting in the end of colonialism.

We can only imagine how these events that followed, before the winds of change touched the lives of the people we see in this film.

A Movie performing old photos of Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia.

 

Jakarta (Batavia) 1941


Japanese and Holland war in Indonesia period in 1940's 5 year before Indonesia's Proclamation


Batavia, Jakarta, Indonesia, 1941- A View of the Area Outside the City-

 In 1941 like today, the further you travel outside a city, the more greener and spacious it becomes.

Enjoy a view of parts of the old areas of Greater Jakarta, just before Indonesia changed forever with the coming of the end of Dutch colonial rule.

Indonesia, 1941- Industry and Home Crafts

Indonesia in 1941, was a mixture of the old and at that time- the new. Large industries exported to the World, from the resources found and grown in Indonesia, whilst cottage industries created uniquely Indonesian handicrafts by hand. 

We're in the Movies (Batavia, IL - 1941)

This is a movie made in 1941, shot almost entirely in Batavia, IL, with a few shots of Geneva and Aurora. I was told that all of the actors and actresses were Batavia locals. The movie is about 50 minutes and had to be divided up into five different sections to fit on YouTube.


Indonesia, Batavia- January 2nd 1946- Japanese Troop Patrol 

In August 1945, the Japanese Imperial army surrended to the allied command, and Sukarno declared Indonesia to be independent.

This posed a series problem for the allies, as they were instructed to restore Dutch control of Indonesia, despite the fact that in the hearts, and minds of Indonesians, this surrender signaled independence from colonialism.

The allied war against Japan continued, but nationalist armies rose and started taking control of towns and cities across Indonesia, as the returning allied armies were too few to quell this uprising.

The allies decided to ask the defeated Japanese army to defend these areas, until enough troops and supplies reached Indonesia, so whilst Tokyo was being fire bombed-, the remaining Japanese troops in Indonesia, maintained order.

All across the thousands of Indonesian Islands, a twilight zone of freed interned prisoners, allied sea landings, and battles between local nationalists, with Japanese & allied soldiers continued.

1945, was the birth of the Indonesian nation, but the events that followed this beginning, are some of the strangest in the history of World War Two- The enemy Japan, fought on the side of the allies, at a time their "homeland" was still at war.

Here is footage of a Japanese patrol in Batavia, Jakarta, in the background you can see the writing on the wall. Indonesians, simply wanted independence.


Strijd om Indie - Het Nederlands-Indonesische conflict 1945-1949

Fragmenten van de dvd 'Ons Koninkrijk in de Tweede Wereldoorlog; Strijd om Indie - Het Nederlands-Indonesische conflict 1945-1949'.



Batavia, Jakarta-1946- The Unveiling of a War Cemetary in North Jakarta


In 1946, Indonesia was fighting a war of independence, whilst the British Commenwealth army, along with some units of the surrending Japanese army tried to control country. During this time, in Batavia, which was Indonesia's capital, the thousands who died in WWII, were finally put t war dead were finally put to rest in cemeteries across Indonesia.

Here is rare footage of the unveiling of one of the biggest war cenetaries in Indonesia, with many of the fallen still remembered today.


Batavia,(Jakarta), Indonesia-1946- Water Shortage in Jakarta

 Indonesia is a tropical country, with a dependence on saving water during the long dry season, from the deluge of rains common in the rainy season months.

This rare video shows Jakarta, during the time of an acute water shortage in 1946, and how the long awaited rains stopped a mini-drought in many parts of the city.



DJAKARTA 1936-1941



Geef Mij Maar Nasi Goreng

Formal Independence of Indonesia December 27 1949


In 1945, after the Japanese had been defeated, the Netherlands-Indies was given back to the Netherlands. In august 1945 however, the Indonesian nationalist Soekarno had proclaimed the Republic of Indonesia.

This eventually lead to a 4 year long war between the nationalists and the dutch army.

In 1949 the dutch became under heavy international pressure and gave independence to Indonesia. This formally happened on december 27 1949. This is also the reason why internationally the Indonesian independence is registrered on that date, and not, as the Indonesians do, on august 17 1945.

The short movie shows the following:

1.Indonesian and dutch officials sign the document for the transfer of power in Batavia/Djakarta on december 27 1949.

2.The Round table conference, where it was decided that the dutch would transfer all rights on the Dutch East Indies to Indonesia.

3.Queen Juliana of the Netherlands signs the document that made Indonesia formally independent from the Netherlands, Amsterdam Palace, december 27 1949.

4.The dutch flag goes down on Paleis Koningsplein (now Istana Merdeka) and the Indonesian flag goes up. Batavia/Djakarta, december 27 1949.

5.Parade to celebrate the Indonesian independence with the army, december 27 1949, Djakarta.


Nieuws uit Indonesië - Britse tanks in Batavia (1946)

Tanks rijden door de straten van Batavia, jongetjes kijken hen na; luchtopnamen van Soerabaja en Semarang; een McDonnell Douglas DC-4 "Skymaster" landt op het vliegveld van Batavia, de mensen stappen uit, als laatste een man met een filmblik onder de arm waarop de tekst Neerlands nieuws film Holland".

Nieuws uit Indonesië - Markt in volkswijk (1946)


In Nederlands-Indië komt het normale leven steeds meer op gang. In de volkswijk Tanah Abang, aan de rand van Batavia, wordt een markt gehouden.

Nieuws uit Indonesië - monument op begraafplaats Antjol (1946)

Op het vliegveld Kemajoran bij Batavia arriveert de Nederlandse commissie-generaal, tw W. Schermerhorn, F. de Boer en M. van Poll om besprekingen te voeren met vertegenwoordigers van de Republiek Indonesië. Ze worden verwelkomd door oa gouverneur-generaal H.J. van Mook en inspecteren, igv vice-admiraal A.S. Pinke, de erewacht. Op de begraafplaats Antjol bij Batavia vindt, iav gouverneur-generaal dr. H.J. van Mook, officieren en nabestaanden van de slachtoffers, een herdenkingsplechtigheid plaats voor verzetsstrijders en illegalen die tijdens de Japanse bezetting ter dood werden gebracht. Bloemen en kransen worden gelegd aan de voet van een monument.

Indonesia,1946- Streets of Jakarta-

 The effects of colonialism in the Dutch East Indies, the Japanese occupation, and the start of the battle for independence, resulted in impoverishing much of the local population.

The occupying allied forces, and the returning colonial command had to rebuild the shattered lives of their own internees, who suffered much, and restore order in a land they were simply unwelcome in. This limited resources to help the local population.

The islands of Indonesia were full of shortages, especially basic food supplies, clothes medicines, and water. Supply lines were disturbed by the continued skirmishes between the local independence fighters, and the allied soldiers..

Indonesia would rebuild, but the poverty seen on this video was a fact of life for many local people during this transition period, which started once the Japanese occupiers faced defeat, and ended once the Netherlands officially gave up the battle to rule again- after several years of military resistance.

JAKARTA 1950


Tjiwangi leaves Malaysia for Djakarta in 1952

 Departure from Port Swettenham for Djakarta, passing war-damaged ships. Ms. Tjiwangi of the Royal Interocean Lines was launched in 1949 and called on many a Far Eastern port. Its name was changed to Kota Bali and finally it was scrapped in 1984. The ship has left behind sweet memories of a time that will never return. 

 

Ramadhan in Wisma Subud Cilandak Indonesia December 1970 

Subud member from all country has visit to Wisma Subud Cilandak to celebrate the month of fasting (in Moslem is Holy Month of Ramadhan). And Bapak's invited Helper to authorized Council Helper in 5 & 6 December 1970.

 

Jakarta, 1973- A View of Indonesia's Capital

 Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia has always continued to modernize and expand, especially after the early 1970s.

Watch the City of Jakarta, at the time just before Jakarta rapidly transformed, into the 21st Century mega city it is today.

 

Indonesia 1973- Jakarta-Bandung - A Journey by Road

Rate footage of a car journey from Jakarta to Bandung. Enjoy the view, and those of you who are familiar with both cities may be surprised with some of the changes in this film.

 

Het Wilde Westen Van Indonesië 1998-1999 - Kota, Jakarta

  In de periode 1998-1999 waarin Indonesië getroffen wordt door economische en politieke crises, gaan twee vrienden op eigen houtje op onderzoek uit in het Rijk van Insulinde en bereizen de eilanden Sumatra en Java. Een serie korte films als aanvulling op


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