Rabu, 15 Februari 2012

SURABAYA - MALANG - MOJOKLERTO - BLITAR

SURABAYA


ANNEKE GRONLOH singing "Soerabaya" in Dutch from 1963.


Ms. Gronloh became one of the first legends of Singapore 60's Pop Music. She had many hits like "Asmara," "Bengawan Solo," "Boeroeng Kaka" and "Oh Malaysia" in the early 60's. She inspired a whole generation of young ladies in Singapore and Malaysia to sing and make records in the 1960's, such as Susan Lim, Naomi Suriya and Anita Sarawak, and many others.

Soerabaja Pasar Besar 1929

Soerabaja Pasar Besar 1929 july 15th

Documentary images of traffic around the railroad viaduct at pasar-besar or Great Market, around half past twelve in the afternoon. We see a hubbub of cars, electric streetcars, ox-carts and biking office clerks speeding by each other. The camera pans along advertisements for Aspirine and Deluze table wines. The film also shows shops with galleries and announcements for the films THE LAST WARNING and SIEGFRIED and DIE NIBELUNGEN. On the billboard on the front of the Apollo movie theatre we read that the film THE UNHOLY THREE, starring Lon Chaney, will be playing from 18 July. The image of Surabaya captured here is very similar to that of any European city. In some respects, the architecture is even more modern than that of the West. Only the occasional native and the ox-carts drawn by water buffalo betray the fact that the film was shot in Indonesia.

SOERABAJA 10 NOVEMBER 1945 

Phase Pertama : Peristiwa Hotel Oranye Insiden Bendera 19 September 1945 di Hotel YAMATO / Hotel ORANGE (sekarang Hotel Mandarin Oriental MAJAPAHIT) Surabaya. Rakyat Surabaya marah dengan adanya bendera merah putih biru berkibar di atas menara hotel. Dan terjadilah aksi perobekan bendera warna biru, hingga menjadi merah dan putih

Phase Kedua : "Surabaya-incident" Pertempuran 28 -- 30 Oktober 1945
Pada bulan Agustus 1943 di Quebec, Kanada, dicapai kesepakatan antara Presiden Roosevelt dan Perdana Menteri Inggris Churchill, untuk membentuk South East Asia Command (SEAC --Komando Asia Tenggara), dan mulai tanggal 16 November, SEAC di bawah pimpinan Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten. Wewenang SEAC meliputi Sri Lanka, sebagian Assam, Birma, Thailand, Sumatera, dan beberapa pulau kecil di Lautan Hindia.

Inggris Mengibarkan Bendera Putih
Serbuan ke pos-pos pertahanan Inggris di tengah kota dilengkapi dengan blokade total: Aliran listrik dan air di wilayah pos pertahanan Inggris dimatikan. Truk-truk yang mengangkut logistik untuk pasukan Inggris, terutama yang akan mengantarkan makanan dan minuman bisa dicegah. Kekacauan demi kekacauan menyebabkan suplai yang dijatuhkan pesawat Inggris dari udara, ikut pula terganggu. Tidak sedikit yang meleset dari sasaran, bahkan boleh dikatakan hampir semua jatuh ke tangan pasukan Indonesia.

Brigadir Jenderal Mallaby Tewas
Setelah disepakati truce (gencatan senjata) tanggal 30 Oktober, pimpinan sipil dan militer pihak Indonesia, serta pimpinan militer Inggris bersama-sama keliling kota dengan iring-iringan mobil, untuk menyebarluaskan kesepakatan tersebut. Dari 8 pos pertahanan Inggris, 6 di antaranya tidak ada masalah, hanya di dua tempat, yakni di Gedung Lindeteves dan Gedung Internatio yang masih ada permasalahan/tembak-menembak.

Phase Ketiga : "Battle of Surabaya" Setelah Letnan Jenderal Sir Phillip Christison mengeluarkan ancamannya, dalam waktu singkat Inggris menambah kekuatan mereka di Surabaya dalam jumlah sangat besar, mobilisasi militer Inggris terbesar setelah Perang Dunia II usai. Pada 1 November, Laksamana Muda Sir. W. Patterson, berangkat dari Jakarta dengan HMS Sussex dan mendaratkan 1.500 Marinir di Surabaya. Mayor Jenderal Mansergh, Panglima 5th British-Indian Division, berangkat dari Malaysia memimpin pasukannya dan tiba di Surabaya tanggal 3 November 1945. Masuknya pasukan Divisi 5 yang berjumlah 24.000 tentara secara berangsur-angsur, sangat dirahasiakan. Divisi 5 ini sangat terkenal karena ikut dalam pertempuran di El Alamein, di mana pasukan Marsekal Rommel, Perwira Jerman yang legendaris dikalahkan. Mansergh juga diperkuat dengan sisa pasukan Brigade 49 dari Divisi 23, kini di bawah pimpinan Kolonel Pugh, yang menggantikan Mallaby



Pidato Bung Tomo 10 Nov 1945





Pertempuran 10 Nopember 1945 - Surabaya






Soerabaia tempo doeloe



 

 

Battle of Surabaya 1945

Battle of Surabaya 1945 (Pertempuran Surabaya 1945)

Allied forces arrived at the end of October 1945, the pemuda ('youth') foothold in Surabaya city was described as "a strong unified fortress". Ferocious fighting erupted when 6,000 Indian troops landed in the city to evacuate European internees.

On October 26, 1945, Brigadier A. W. S Mallaby reached an agreement with Mr. Suryo, the Republic of Indonesia's governor of East Java that the British would not ask Indonesian troops/militia to hand over their weapons. An apparent misunderstanding about the agreement between British troops in Jakarta (led by Lieutenant General Sir Philip Christison) and Mallaby's troops in Surabaya was to have have serious ramifications.

On October 27, 1945, a British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets over Surabaya urging all Indonesian troops and militia to surrender their weapons. The leader of Indonesian troops and militia was angered, seeing it as a --BREAKING OF THE AGREEMENT REACHED-- with Mallaby earlier. On October 28, 1945, they attacked British troops in Surabaya killing more than 200 British Troops

Brigadier Mallaby was killed in Surabaya on 30 October 1945 under unclear circumstances that remain debated today.

Initially British troops were 6,000-strong-armed Indian soldiers from 49th Infantry Brigade of the 23rd Indian Division. When the battle reached its peak, British sent additional troops which consisted of 24,000 fully-armed soldiers from the 5th Indian Division, 24 Sherman tanks, 24 armed aircraft, 2 cruisers and 3 destroyers.

Indonesian forces consisted of 20,000 soldiers from the newly-formed Tentara Keamanan Rakyat (TKR; People's Security Troops) and estimated 100,000-120,000 irregulars. TKR was formed by the former members of Peta, a semi-military organization during Japanese occupation. The irregulars consisted of pro-Independence mob, armed with rifles, swords, and spears. Some of their weapons were taken from the demoralized Japanese troops.

At dawn on 10 November, a day now commemorated in Indonesia as Heroes' Day, British troops began a methodical advance through the city under the cover of naval and air bombardment. Fighting was heavy with British troops clearing buildings room by room and consolidating their gains. Despite the fanatical resistance of Indonesians, half the city was conquered in three days and the fighting over in three weeks.

Nieuws uit Indonesië - Bange dagen in Soerabaja (1946)

Na een aanslag van nationalisten in een kampong in de omgeving van Soerabaja, hebben legereenheden een zuiveringsactie uitgevoerd, waarbij de kampong en een gedeelte van Soerabaja werd verwoest. Ook werden een aantal nationalisten gevangen genomen.



YWI JWI, Embongmalang 31, Surabaya, 1953 - 1961. Batu - Malang 

JWI: jongens wezen inrichting .Embongmalang, Surabaya, Indonesia.1953 - 1961.
YWI Panti asuhan Yatim Warga Indonesia Batu - Malang

The Gembells - Balada Kalimas 

 Lagu dari Band Asal Surabaya The Gembells yang berjudul Balada Kalimas yang bercerita tentang romantisme kota Surabaya yang tidak pernah lepas dari sungai yang membelahnya yaitu KALIMAS

 

  SITUBONDO

1e politionele actie Nederlands Indie 1947 mendarat di pasir putih

 Penyerangan Pasukan Belanda pada tahun 1947 di indonesia dan di situbondo (sitoebondo) melalui pantai pasir putih (pasir poetih)

 

 MALANG

 

MOJOKERTO

1948 Aankomst Evert Rotterdam 

 

BLITAR


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