Rabu, 15 Februari 2012

exploitation of amazing indonesia OLD & NEW

Geschiedenis Indonesië




 
 So far, the theory of the existence of Atlantis are many variable.Until now, the continent of Atlantis
remains the greatest mystery of human civilization which is not revealed.in the last two decades has been obtained many important results about the spread and the origin of human beings.One of the important findings is the hypothesis that there is a large island in the South China Sea that sank after the ice age.

Indonesian Native 

 


Flying Indonesia 


These are Java Island,Bali Island and West Nusa Tenggara Islands..These Archipelago Known as Hinduism,Budhism and Islamic Cultures in Indonesia.Java known as Mountains Kingdom Land,while Bali known as The Islands of Gods..




 

Indonesia Tempo Doeloe

Nederland en Indonesie 


De relatie tussen Nederland en Indonesië. Periode V.O.C.


De relatie tussen Nederland en Indonesië. Periode Cultuurstelsel


De relatie tussen Nederland en Indonesië. De Atjeh oorlog


De relatie tussen Nederland en Indonesië. Periode Modern Imperialisme


De relatie tussen Nederland en Indonesië. De Ethische politiek


De relatie tussen Nederland en Indonesië. Republiek Indonesië 


1910-1915
Life in Batavia, Bandoeng, Bogor in 1910 and 1915. Part 1 - 1910: Trip by car through Weltevreden. Groote Boom - Kali Besar - Glodok - Trip opiumkit - Pasar Baroe - Tanah Abang - Harmonie - Tanah Abang - Koningsplein.



Original Title: Coveted East Indies
Director: Deane Dickason
Production date: ca. 1938-39
A public-domain footage I found on www.archive.org - thought better share it here!
These are scenes from the latter years of Dutch colonialism in Indonesia - and it appears much of the footage has been shot around 1938-39.
Some interesting scenes of Menteng.
The footage is full of street scenes, colonial lifestyles and 'orientalist' landscapes.

 

 

Indonesia- 1939- A City Under A Volcano--Tempo Doeloe 

 
Volcanoes are part of Indonesian folklore, and in the land of fire,both a symbol of fertility, and anger.The rich volcanic lands of Indonesia, are some of the more fertile in the World, but also ones of sudden change upon an eruption.
In 1939, the Durch East Indies was at peace, yet under this volatile volcano, as life continued as normal, it changed upon the start of World War Two.  
Witness the last few years of peace, and colonialism, which forever changed the lives of the people in this footage..
 

Indonesia, 1924- The First Non Stop Air Flight From Europe to Indonesia

 
 In the early part of the 20th Century, the dream of air travel was still reserved for the wealthy few, and most people would travel by ship. 
The Netherlands East Indies (ndonesia), was separated by vast oceans from the colonies "homeland" in Europe, which meant travelling was through long sea journeys, creating the real feeling of distance.
In 1924, KLM sponsored a non-stop commercial flight from Amsterdam, to the capital of the East Indies, Djakarta.  
This rare footage shows this first flight, which was the start of passenger flights from Europe to Indonesia.

 

Dutch East Indies (Indonesia): 1939 Trip

features scenes of the Indonesian islands of Sulawesi (formerly Celebes), Bali, and Java, and include a line-crossing ceremony when crossing the equator, the 15-meter high Bantimurung waterfall, Borobudur Stupa, a ninth-century Buddhist monument in Magelang, and picking tea from Cinchona trees.

Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) at the 1938 FIFA World Cup 

 

Mooi Beautiful Java Leufkens Dutch East Indies Photography

 

this filmed when Jakara still named as Batavia, under the dutch colonial.
silent movie text in dutch.
Nice film from 1929 showing the old Batavia of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and the modern Batavia, capital of the Netherlands Indies (now Jakarta).

Huwelijk in Batavia van Maartje Elizabeth (Mascha) Nicola en Mr. J.G. van 't Oever op 5 juni 1936

Netherlands East Indies Color 

 Indonesia was once known as The Netherlands East Indies......this is part 1 of a rare 1938 color film showing a journey by Train and Ocean Liner from the Netherlands to Batavia which is now Jakarta. Quite an adventure back then. Of course the journey could be made by aeroplane but that took two to three days. Going by Rail and Ship was really an adventure.

Nieuws uit Indonesië - Hollanders met vreugde begroet (1945)

De mijnenlegger "Abraham Crijnssen" gaat voor anker bij het eiland Boetan (?). De commandant, kapitein-luitenant Dobbenga, gaat met enkele manschappen aan land en wordt door de sultan en de bevolking enthousiast ontvangen. De Nederlandse vlag wordt gehesen om de terugkeer van het Nederlands gezag te benadrukken. Ex-krijgsgevangenen van het KNIL melden zich voor actieve dienst en worden ingescheept.


Jakarta, Indonesia 1946 - A Tahu Factory

Tahu, is a staple for most Indonesians, and at a time of conflict, an essential which saved many lives.
Indonesian food is some of the most diverse in the world, and tahu is one of the many ingredients, common to local food in the area.
Watch footage of a local Tahu factory, which was common in many of the nations urban centers.




Indonesia, June1946- Poverty in Indonesia 

 
The effects of colonialism in the Dutch East Indies, the Japanese occupation, and the start of the battle for independence, resulted in impoverishing much of the local population.
The occupying allied forces, and the returning colonial command had to rebuild the shattered lives of their own internees, who suffered much, and restore order in a land they were simply unwelcome in. This limited resources to help the local population.
The islands of Indonesia were full of shortages, especially basic food supplies, clothes medicines, and water. Supply lines were disturbed by the continued skirmishes between the local independence fighters, and the allied soldiers.. 
Indonesia would rebuild, but the poverty seen on this video was a fact of life for many local people during this transition period, which started once the Japanese occupiers faced defeat, and ended once the Netherlands officially gave up the battle to rule again- after several years of military resistance.

 

Jakarrta, Indonesia 1946- British Troops at a Local Market 

 
 At the start of 1946, the mainly British Indian troops under the command of Lord Mountbatten had started their brief occupation of the Netherlands Indies, before handing over power to the returning Dutch administration. 
This footage shows the re-opening of a market close to old Batavia- the commercial center of the city. In retrospect some of these troops lost their lives as they fought independence fighters across Java. 
^ Watch part one of "Indonesia's Independence War"- The British Army arrive.

Indonesia-- Independence War- Part 1- The British Army Enter Indonesia

The Japanese Imperial army had surrended, and two months later British forces under the command of Lord Mountbatten arrived on the shores of Indonesia.
The initial role of this army was to restore order, but they faced a daunting task as newly formed independence armies fought them - knowing that the plan was to hand Indonesia back to the Netherlands.
Fierce battles were fought across Java, with the bombing of Surabaya, preceding the arrival of mainly British-Indian troops into the city. This degenerated into a historic battle, which resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of civilians, British troops and Indonesian independence fighters.
Battles on a lesser scale to the one in Surabaya raged across the towns and villages of Indonesia, often with a similar effect. Indonesians were galvanized towards the goal of Independence, and this brief occupation only resulted in the political leadership of Britain realizing Indonesia should be independent.
In the short period of the British occupation of Indonesia, over 1.200 of these soldiers died or went missing, including a British General in Surabaya. Once ships arrived from the Netherlands, with Dutch army recruits, the British army left Indonesia.
The result of this brief and unwelcome occupation of Indonesia, has been rarely documented in 20th century history. Many of the troops who arrived in Indonesia, deserted and joined the Indonesian independence movement,whilst their officers were often placed in the impossible situation of ordering soldiers to fight against a cause they themselves sympathized with. By 1947, the UK supported Indonesian Independence in the United Nations.

Indonesia - Independence War- Part 2- The Return of the Dutch East Indies

Once the British army under Lord Mountbatten had handed over power to the restored Netherlands Indies government, hundreds of thousands of troops arrived from the Netherlands.
Watch Part Three of Indonesia's Independence War"
http://youtu.be/YGpONJ49nfY
The initial role of this newly raised army was to gain the control of Indonesia, in the interior of
Java, Sumatra and other Indonesian islands. The plan was to control key cities such as Medan, in Sumatra, then regain the smaller towns and villages in the area.
The arrival of one of the largest overseas armies ever raised by the Dutch government in modern history, was heralded as a new start for the returning colonial power, and in Jakarta, these troops were paraded as an intention of regaining Indonesia.
Initially, after bombing and taking over these key cities, the troops did venture out to retake the countryside, but met stiff resistance from the local people. This plan began to unwind and develop into a quagmire, as the army of the Netherlands Indies began to fight an urban and rural hit and run style war.
The political leaders of the restored Netherlands Indies, began to pacify this revolt by promising political reforms, and started ceasefire talks with the Indonesian independence leaders, whilst more troops entered Indonesia, from the Netherlands.
The Indonesian Independence war was reaching its critical third stage, one that despite being more heavily armed then the local independence fighters, more troops could not continue the initial gains made by the Dutch army.

Indonesia- Independence War --Part 3- The Linggadjati Agreement

The Indonesian War of Independence had stated with a nationalist rebellion against the return of Dutch rule to Indonesia, whilst the country was now in relative chaos.
The British command, whose job was to stabilize the situation, before handing back the nation to the Dutch, was stuck in an endless struggle to maintain order, as areas controlled by the commonwealth army were being returned to the new Dutch command.
This took time, as an army was being raised in the Netherlands to return to the Indies to restore the former Dutch East Indies, at a time Holland was still recovering from its occupation by Germany during World War Two.
The British command decided to broker a peace deal between the representatives of the Indonesian independence movement, and the colonial authorities. This first of many peace agreements, was called the "Linggadjati Agreement."
In the agreement, the colonial authorities agreed that a Republic of Indonesia would exist on January 1st, 1949, on the Islands of Java, and Sumatra, but the old East Indies would still exist on the majority of Indonesia's 17.000 Islands, effectively dividing the nation..
The Independence leadership agreed, but both sides were unhappy with this compromise, which bought time for the Dutch and the independence movement.
The Linggadjati Agreement, was effectively a compromise, which allowed a newly trained East Indies army to return from the Netherlands, whilst Independence forces could re-build in the areas they were given control, and the British colonial forces who were stuck in a quagmire, could leave, once this newly formed army arrived from the Netherlands.
In retrospect, this initial peace treaty failed, because the majority of Indonesians in the colonial controlled areas, wanted full independence, whilst the colonial administration wanted full control of the nation again.
Shortly after the treaty of Linggadjati was ratified by both parties, and the British army left, the independence war entered a new, and more deadly phase in this conflict.

Indonesia- Independence War- Part 4- "Operation Product"

On midnight July 20th, 1947, the Linggadjati agreement was effectively torn up as the Dutch East Indies army launched an offensive against the Indonesian Nationalists, this was known as "Operation Product."
The aim was to take over the remaining areas controlled by the Indonesian independence movement, by bombing, sea landings and direct military action. It was planned as the start of the quashing of the dream of an independent Indonesia, and the beginning of an established colonial government.
The offensive was met with hard resistance, and many civilians were killed, it also triggered international condemnation from many nations, especially Australia, India, the Soviet Union, and the United States.
The result of this military action exposed internationally the reality of this independence war, and the stark fact that a popular uprising against the continuation of colonialism was being put down by force alone.
The plan for "Operation Product" to re-establish colonial rule in Indonesia, turned into a gradual dawning of a free Indonesia, despite the ground initially won by the forces who started this battle.

Indonesia Independence War- Part 5- Endgame for Operation Product

The major offensive called "Operation Product" continued across Independent areas of Indonesia, as the army of the Dutch East Indies retook ground lost to nationalist forces.
Diplomatically, the United Nations took center stage in a diplomatic war, over how this military action could be stopped, and a ceasefire was called upon. Ignoring this recommendation by the UN, Dutch forces moved deep into nationalist territory, as a peace accord was being brokered through the UN security council.
The endgame of a successful military campaign by Dutch forces was another peace agreement, and a hollow victory, as the actions during "Operation Product," had only isolated the restored Dutch East Indies government from both it's population, and it's international allies.
The sun was setting for the colonial administration, and the dawning of true Independence for Indonesia grew ever more closer.


Indonesia- Independence War- Part 6- The War in Sulewesi 1946

The main part of the war of independence was fought in Java, and Sumatra, but several incidents on the island of Sulewesi, showed that this conflict was widespread across all of Indonesia.
War and conflict can bring both the best and the worse out in people, and often the further away from the more reported areas of this battle for Independence, are the most remembered for any abuse of power.
This occurred in Sulewesi, when the Netherlands Indies army was instructed to clear areas of suspected independence fighters. The result was a brutal crackdown on the local population, and this eventually made the pages of the International press.
The notorious anti-republican mopping up operations on this island, were condemned internationally and eroded liberal support internally inside the Netherlands, whilst strengthening Indonesian belief that any permanent return of the colonial government would become intolerable.

Indonesia- Independence War- Part 7- The Renviille Agreement

Although Operation Product had been a great military success for the Dutch East Indies army, against the Indonesian Independence movement, it had proved to be diplomatically a disaster.
The United Nations Security council pressured the colonial government of Indonesia, to restart peace talks, and a ceasefire ended Operation Product. These talks took place on board the US warship Renville, and resulted in a compromise between Republican leaders, and the colonial government.
United Nations representatives and allies of both sides of this conflict, hoped this would end any conflict in Indonesia, and unlike the first peace treaty, between both powers- The Linggadjati Treaty, bring a peaceful end to the war in Indonesia.

Indonesia- Independence War-Part 8- A Short Lived Peace

The agreement on USS Renville brought an eerie peace to most areas of Indonesia, whilst the newly Independent Republican areas of Indonesia started re-building, the areas controlled by the East Indies colonial government were quiet.
The Renville line was an invisible border which co-existed between both Governments, and continued to be a sticking point in peace negotiations, which were ending in deadlock.
Forces belonging to the Dutch East Indies army reinforced this line, and re-ignited tensions and the fear that their could be a second attack on Indonesian controlled areas of the county.
A brief peace existed in Indonesia, an uneasy, suspicious and nervous peace, which Indonesian Independence leaders believed would be soon broken.

Indonesia - Independence War-Part 9- Operation Kraai- Crow

At 4.30 on the morning of December 19th, 1948, the Dutch East Indies army crossed the "Van Mook Line," with the objective to take Independent Indonesian territory.
This was the greatest, and last battle ever fought by the Dutch army in the 20th Century, with over 140.000 troops involved as well as the restarting of bombing raids, especially on Yogyakarta- the capital of an Independent Indonesia.
A short lived peace, now turned into a final battle for the control of the fertile, tropical lands of Indonesia

Indonesia- Independence War- Part 10- The Dawning of an Independent Indonesia

 
The second Police action, Operation Crow," by the Dutch East Indies army, ended under diplomatic pressure by the great powers through the United Nations, and although the Dutch colonial army had been successful, with key Independence leaders like President Sukarno now imprisoned, international outrage turned into demands to recognize the republic and re-negotiate again over the future of Indonesia, with their leaders.
Watch the Final Episode of Indonesia's Independence War: 
Independence Day- The Birth of a Free Indonesia

Indonesia- Independence War - Final- Hari Kemerdekaan, The Day of Independence

 
On December 27th, 1949, Indonesia became free from Dutch rule, as the formal transfer of power from the Netherlands to a newly independent Indonesia took place at the Merdeka Palace in Jakarta. 
This video shows the the final few hours of Dutch rule, and the start of a new Republic called Indonesia, which ended over 350 years of struggle against colonialism. Indonesia was finally free after being occupied in its long history by the Netherlands, Britain, France and Japan..In a short period of time, since the Japanese occupation of Indonesia, the dream of true independence had been achieved, after a bitter struggle. Once Sukarno, and other independence leaders declared Indonesia a free nation on August 17th,1945.
It had been a turbulent four years,with armed resistance against the British forces who initially arrived to restore Dutch rule, and at one pivotal stage in this struggle, conflict with 140.000 troops from the Netherlands-who were ordered to quell any rebellion against the restoration of the Netherlands Indies..This had finally, it had ended with freedom. 
Today, Independence day is celebrated on August 17th, the time in the hearts and minds of ordinary Indonesians they truly became free to choose their own destiny as a nation.

War memory of Indonesian freedom fighter 

 
In Tabee Toean - meaning 'Goodbye Sir' in Indonesian - five veterans of the Indonesian War of Independence (1945-1949) share their recollections, telling us how they as young soldiers, unprepared for guerrilla warfare, found themselves in a devil's circle of excessive violence and cruelty.

Shocking story of Dutch war veteran in Indonesia

In Tabee Toean - meaning 'Goodbye Sir' in Indonesian - five veterans of the Indonesian War of Independence (1945-1949) share their recollections, telling us how they as young soldiers, unprepared for guerrilla warfare, found themselves in a devil's circle of excessive violence and cruelty.

Nieuws uit Indonesië - Medische hulp (1946)

 In Nederlands-Indië verleent de Nederlandse Dienst voor Volksgezondheid medische hulp aan de inlandse bevolking.

Nieuws uit Indonesië: republikeinse huishoudschool (1947) 

 
Kleinere kinderen leren lezen op een lagere school; oudere meisjes leren op een huishoudschool huishoudelijke vaardigheden, zoals koken en naaien.

Hoogtepunten uit het jaar 1948 - Nieuws - Nieuws uit Indonesie - 

 
Hoogtepunten uit het jaar 1948 - Nieuws - Nieuws uit Indonesie
 

Nurses song: Gettin' by - Mind MapThat - ccmixter CC-BY-NC

 
Video newsreel "File:Nieuws uit Indonesië"by Netherlands Institute of Sound and Vision CC-BY-SA 3.0 courtesy hosting by wikimedia commons.

 

Aankomst ooievaarsschip Atlantis (1950)

 
 Met het schip Atlantis repatriëren KNIL-militairen en hun gezinnen uit Indonesië naar Nederland. Onderweg worden baby's geboren, zodat de Atlantis uiteindelijk in Amsterdam arriveert met 62 passagiers meer dan oorspronkelijk.

Life in Indonesia in 1958 

 
 An old educational film introducing the then new Indonesia to the outside world. Narration by an Indonesian teacher. See also second part and my other clips of Indonesia
 
 Second and final part of an old educational film introducing the then new Indonesia to foreign audiences. Agriculture (women earn 5 rupiahs a day!) , produce and mineral resources are shown. Art on Bali etc.

Indonesia : New Nation Of Asia (1959) 

 
Oké. Even wat geschiedenis in een notendop. Eeuwenlang was Indonesië een kolonie van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. Het riep in 1945 de onafhankelijkheid uit. Pas in 1949 werd deze onafhankelijkheid door Nederland erkend (na een bloedige periode van politionele acties).
De nu volgende film Indonesia : New Nation of Asia (1959), afkomstig van Archive.org, is een Indonesische propagandafilm (voertaal: Engels) waarin het eilandenrijk zich presenteert als een natie die met zijn culturele, religieuze en met name económische bagage prima mee kan in de vaart der volkeren. De voormalige kolonisator komt er goed van af. Since World War II we have achieved our freedom en We are very grateful to these people of the Netherlands. They left us much. But it is better that one nation does not rule another. Geen woord over de periode 1945-1949! 
Uiteraard is er in deze film ook plaats ingeruimd voor de islam. The muslim religion penetrates our culture (deel 2-2,04m50s e.v.). Ook de Indonesische versie van het hindoeïsme komt aan bod. Maak kennis met Indonesia : New Nation of Asia, een bijzonder tijdsdocument.

 

Film Indonesië

 

Indonesia - 16mm film

 
"INDONESIA - A NEW NATION OF ASIA" film transferred from 16mm 
in a couple of spots there is some very brief distortion and a word or two dropped due to age of film , bad splices, or film going off track and being restarted... this documentary is "dated" to say the least...


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